– Depressants work by calming the nerves and relaxing the muscles.
– Prescription depressant drugs usually come in a pill or liquid form and are taken orally.
– Most depressant drugs work by increasing GABA activity in the brain. GABA is a chemical that works to inhibit brain activity.
– Even if prescribed legally, depressant drugs can be abused and lead to addiction.
– Symptoms of depressant drug use include: a headache, slurred speech, inability to concentrate, memory and movement problems, dizziness, confusion, and slowed breathing.
– Abuse of depressant drugs includes: taking them at a time or dose they are not prescribed, taking drugs not prescribed to you, combining them with alcohol or other drugs, and taking them to get high.
– Depressant drugs are highly dangerous when combined with alcohol and other drugs.
– Tranquilizers, antipsychotics, benzodiazepines, and barbiturates are all depressant drugs.
– Drugs used as sedatives or sleeping pills are depressant drugs.
– Popular benzodiazepines include diazepam (Valium), clonazepam (Klonopin), alprazolam (Xanax), triazolam (Halcion), and estazolam (Prosom).
– Popular sedatives include zolpidem (Ambien), eszopiclone (Lunesta), and zaleplon (Sonata).
– Popular barbiturates include mephobarbital (Mebaral), phenobarbital (Luminal), and pentobarbital sodium (Nembutal).
– Large doses of depressants can dangerously slow heart rate or breathing and cause death.
– Some street names for depressant drugs include downers, tranks, benzos
– Long-term use of depressant drugs can lead to depression, breathing problems, sexual problems, and chronic fatigue. Addiction to depressant drugs can lead to panic attacks and anxiety.
– Symptoms of withdrawal from depressant drugs include seizures, anxiety, shakiness, hallucinations, inability to sleep, sweating, and high body temperature.
– Depressant drug users should not attempt to quit taking them on their own. This can cause severe withdrawals, and in some cases may be life-threatening. Always seek help from a medical professional to go off depressant drugs.
– Treatment for depressant drug abuse includes detoxification, tapering, counseling (typically cognitive-behavioral therapy), and group therapy.
– Overdose on depressant drugs can cause hypoxia, or not enough oxygen reaching the brain.
– The overdose of depressant drugs can be treated if acted upon quickly enough. If you suspect someone has overdosed on depressant drugs, call 911 immediately. Medical professionals can administer flumazenil (Romazicon) to help reverse the overdose. The flumazenil is short-acting, and will most likely need to be administered repeatedly over periods (as often as every twenty minutes) for the person who overdosed to recover fully.